Let's make some soap together here. First off we need to gather some items for our soap making. A stainless steel bowl, or glass mixing bowl. A spatula (preferably one that you will not use for food again), a stick blender, rubber paddle blade for a drill or your mixer will work on small batches (as long as it is stainless steel) and white vinegar (neutralizes lye on contact in case you get some on yourself). A thermometer to gauge heat of lye and water and oils. Now for your ingredients, you will need to gather your oils, water, lye and essential oils. Also make sure you have time allotted and a mold to pour your soap into. Below I have added a simple recipe that you can make at home with or without essential oil.
Prepare this prior to weighing your oils. Remember this, all measurements are in solid weight (don't worry about liquid oz vs solid weight). When you get ready to combine lye/water with oils the temperature should be roughly the same and the range should be around 90 to 130 degrees.
Coconut Oil: 10.1oz.
Palm Oil: 3.2oz.
Olive Oil Pomace: 10.5oz.
Soybean Oil: 4.8oz.
Castor Oil: 3.2oz.
Melt the solid oils and combine the liquid oils and solid oils together. When the temperature range of the oils and lye and water are roughly the same and again the range is between 90 to 130 degrees mix them together. Start stirring and blending the soap mixture and you will notice it starts to get warm. While this is blending a process called saponification begins. This process is a chemical reaction between the lye and oils turning them into soap. Once this process has finished the lye is neutral and you have fantastic soap. The stick blender will bring this batch to trace (when the soap mixture is like pancake batter) in around 8 to 10 minutes. Hand stirring will take much longer.
Your soap mixture has reached trace and you are now ready to pour this into a mold of some nature. Wood molds need to be lined with freezer paper and sealed so they don't leak. Once you pour you will cover the soap insulating the heat to help the saponification process along. This will sit for about 18 hours or so until it is hard enough to handle and cut. Once you cut your soap, place it somewhere so it can continue to dry out for roughly 4 weeks. ENJOY! Any questions you can call me at 866-687-1724